This report is a review of such a plan prepared for Guwahati city in Assam. Our analysis finds that Guwahati’s action plan does not have a target-oriented approach. In most instances, past policy frameworks and regulations have been repeated, and the authorities have failed to use this opportunity to develop a plan based on specific issues and baseline information. Instead, actions have been formulated without research, making the plan ineffective on many fronts. Overall, the plan largely includes “end of pipe” solutions instead of addressing the pollution problems at their source.